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Apr 03 2013

Free topical journal articles from Policy Press

Free journal articles of March:

  1. Representing the family: how does the state ‘think family’? - Policy & Politics
  2. HKUL users can continue to access Policy & Politics.

  3. Rapid evidence assessments of research to inform social policy: taking stock and moving forward - Evidence & Policy
  4. HKUL users can continue to access Evidence & Policy.

  5. Subjective wellbeing: a primer for poverty analysts - Journal of Poverty & Social Justice
  6. HKUL users can continue to access Journal of Poverty & Social Justice.

  7. Micro-mapping: what lies beneath the third sector radar? - Voluntary Sector Review
  8. From traditional to companionate marriages: women’s changing experience of marriage and divorce in Ireland - Families, Relationships & Societies

[Source: The Policy Press]

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Mar 06 2013

New publications are available at the Scout Report!

  • WomenWatch: UN Information and Resources on Gender Equality and Empowerment
  • The WomenWatch website is dedicated to providing “information and resources on gender equality and empowerment of women.” It is an initiative of the United Nations Inter-Agency Network on Women and Gender Equality (IANWGE) and the site is a veritable cornucopia of information on this vast and timely subject. In the Quick Links and Features, visitors can view the UN Gender Equality News Feed, which is a great way to get a sense of the main issues affecting women around the world. Moving on, the Documents and Publications area contains seminal reports such as “Seeing Beyond the State: Grassroots Women’s Perspectives on Corruption and Anti-Corruption.” Also, the News and Highlight s area contains links to partner organizations, such as the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. These links include radio clips, news releases, and other key pieces of information.

  • Gifts of Speech: Women’s Speeches from Around the World
  • The Gifts of Speech site brings together speeches given by women from all around the world. The site is under the direction of Liz Linton Kent Leon, who is the electronic resources librarian at Sweet Briar College. First-time users may wish to click on the How To… area to learn how to navigate the site. Of course, the FAQ area is a great way to learn about the site as well, and it should not be missed as it tells about the origin story for the site. In the Collections area, visitors can listen in to all of the Nobel Lectures delivered by female recipients and look at a list of the top 100 speeches in American history as determined by a group of researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Texas A & M Univ ersity. Users will also want to use the Browse area to look over talks by women from Robin Abrams to Begum Kahaleda Zia, the former prime minster of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

[Source: Scout Report, Volume 19, Number 9, March 1, 2013]

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Nov 22 2012

New publications are available at the Scout Report!

  • The Internet Archive has created this very ambitious project to bring together over 371,000 news broadcasts of various origins since 2009. Students of communications, media, and related fields will find much to revel in here. Visitors can search all of the captions from each program on the homepage or look at the Recent Extracted Topics word cloud. Not surprisingly, some of the popular words here include “Technology,” “Energy,” “Defense,” and “Environment.” Visitors can fine-tune their search by looking for certain programs on select networks in order to get a better sense of different programming styles and nuances.

  • This site from Harvard University allows visitors to learn about the lives of women during the Qajar era in Iran from 1796 to 1926 via a “wide array of materials from private family holdings and participating institutions.” The site is most remarkable as it allows visitors to access the materials in both Arabic and English. It offers thousands of personal papers, manuscripts, photographs, publications, everyday objects, works of art and audio materials. Visitors to the site will find several thematic sections here, including clutches of documents from storied families in the region, like those from Nuzhat al-Muluk and Amir Ebrahimi. The Karen collection is particularly notable as it features a large collection of historic marriage contracts, settlements, rental contracts, divorce decrees, and other legal documents.

    [Source: Scout Report, Volume 18, Number 43, October 26, 2012]

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Apr 17 2012

Latest reports from IssueLab

  1. Affording Health Care and Education on the Minimum Wage
  2. Better Outcomes, Lower Costs: How Community-Based Funders Can Transform U.S. Health Care
  3. Channeling Change: Making Collective Impact Work
  4. The Devolution Initiative Evaluation: Innovation and Learning at the W. K. Kellogg Foundation
  5. Growth in World Contraceptive Use Stalling; 215 Million Women?s Needs Still Unmet
  6. The Impact on Inequality of Raising the Social Security Retirement Age
  7. Looking For Shadows: Evaluating Community Change in the Annie E. Casey Foundation Plain Talk Initiative
  8. Low-wage Workers Are Older and Better Educated than Ever
  9. Massachusetts Immigrants by the Numbers, Second Edition
  10. Looking Out for the Future: An Orientation for Twenty-First Century Philanthropists
  11. The Minimum Wage Is Too Damn Low
[Source: IssueLab]

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Oct 31 2011

Latest reports from IssueLab

  1. Supporting Youth in Transition to Adulthood: Lessons Learned from Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice
  2. Status of Girls in Illinois Report - Executive Summary
  3. State of the Race: A Look at Population Trends for Bay Area Blacks
  4. The Struggle Between Migration Control and Victim Protection: The UK Approach to Human Trafficking
  5. Facing Homelessness: A Study of Homelessness in Chicago and the Suburbs
  6. Victims of Human Trafficking in the Midwest
  7. They Don’t Even Know Me! Understanding Anti-Gay Harassment and Violence in Schools
  8. Facing Homelessness

 

[Source: IssueLab]

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Mar 04 2011

Rising Status of Women, Increased Risk of Smoking - Article from the WHO/Bulletin

Millions of women in developing countries risk disease and early death in the coming decades as the tobacco industry exploits their rising economic and political status, according to a new study, published today in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization which analyses women’s empowerment and smoking rates in 74 countries.

 

Women’s empowerment is measured by the United Nations Development Programme using data such as female representation in parliament, voting rights and comparisons of male-to-female income in each country.

 

The study shows that men are currently five times more likely to smoke than women in countries with lower measures of female empowerment, such as China, Indonesia, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and Uganda. In countries with relatively high female empowerment, such as Australia, Canada, Norway, Sweden and the United States of America, this gap has been closed: women smoke almost as much as men do. 

 

“This study highlights the need to act quickly to curb smoking among women, particularly in developing countries.” says Dr Douglas Bettcher, Director of the Tobacco Free Initiative at WHO.  “The tobacco epidemic is still in its early stages in many countries but is expected to worsen. Strong tobacco control measures such as bans on tobacco advertising are needed to prevent the tobacco industry from targeting women.”

 

 ”We must pay more attention to the ways in which the tobacco industry is capitalizing on societal changes to target women, such as marketing cigarettes to women as a symbol of emancipation,” says study co-author, Sara C Hitchman who conducted the study with Dr Geoffrey T Fong from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project at the University of Waterloo in Ontario, Canada.  “Women’s empowerment must continue, but does the bad necessarily have to follow the good?”.

 

The Tobacco Free Initiative at WHO encourages countries to prevent the spread of the tobacco epidemic by implementing policies outlined in the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. These include public awareness campaigns, packaging and promotion regulations and tax measures to reduce demand for tobacco products.

 

Read the paper here:  http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/89/3/10-079905.pdf

 

Access Gender, women and the tobacco epidemic published by WHO:
http://www.who.int/tobacco/publications/gender/women_tob_epidemic/en/index.html

 

The Bulletin of the World Health Organization is one of the world’s leading public health journals. It is the flagship periodical of WHO, with a special focus on developing countries. Articles are peer-reviewed and are independent of WHO guidelines. Abstracts are now available in the six official languages of the United Nations.

 

Further items in this month’s issue include:

 

  • Looming dementia epidemic in Asia
  • Antimicrobial resistance: what governments can do
  • Health challenges after floods in Pakistan
  • Coordinating HIV/AIDS programmes in China
  • Shortage of mental health workers worldwide

 

The March issue table of contents can be found at: http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/89/3/en/index.html

 

The complete contents of the Bulletin, since 1948, is available free to all readers worldwide through PubMed Central, available at: http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/tocrender.fcgi?journal=522&action=archive

 

For further information please contact:

 

Sarah Cumberland, Bulletin of the World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
Office: +41 22 791 2570; Mobile: +41 79 206 1403; E-mail: cumberlands@who.int

 

Sara C Hitchman or Dr Geoffrey T Fong, International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

Office: +1 519 888-4567 (x 33597); E-mail: schitchm@uwaterloo.ca or gfong@uwaterloo.ca

 

Douglas Bettcher, Director, Tobacco Free Initiative,
World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
Office: +41 22 791 42 53; E-mail: bettcherd@who.int

 

Timothy O’Leary, Communications Officer, Tobacco Free Initiative,
World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
Office: +41 22 79 15539; E-mail: olearyt@who.int

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Dec 03 2009

Cambodian Women Chew Tobacco for Morning Sickness Relief

3 DECEMBER 2009 | GENEVA – Tobacco control that focuses on cigarette smokers in Cambodia misses a huge number of women who chew tobacco, according to research published today in the international public health journal, the Bulletin of the World Health Organization.

 

The largest nationwide survey on adult tobacco use in Cambodia found that, while very few women smoke cigarettes, more than half of all women aged more than 48 years chew tobacco. Many of them started the habit when pregnant to seek relief from morning sickness.

 

“Chewing tobacco appears to be strongly influenced by beliefs passed on by older relatives,” says lead author Dr Pramil N Singh, from the School of Public Health at Loma Linda University in the United States of America. “The behaviour is seen as a rite of passage into womanhood. Further research is needed to find out whether village health workers actively promote its medicinal use.”

 

“Not only should we be concerned that these women are taking up an addictive and deadly habit, even more serious is the damage it can cause to a developing baby,” says Dr Douglas Bettcher, director of the Tobacco Free Initiative at the World Health Organization. “Pregnant women who use tobacco put their babies at risk of low-birth weight, decreased lung function and even stillbirth.”

 

Tobacco control programmes in Cambodia face the challenge of long-held traditional beliefs and may need to include health education for older relatives and health workers.

 

Read the paper here

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Nov 12 2009

The Literature of Prescription: Charlotte Perkins Gilman and “The Yellow Wall-Paper”

Those visitors unfamiliar with the unsettling and terrifying short story, “The Yellow Wall-Paper”, by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, are fortunate that this National Library of Medicine website provides a PDF of the story in its original form that first appeared in 1892 in The New England Magazine.  At the bottom of the homepage, visitors need just to click on the image of a page underneath the heading Digital Documents, to read the dozen page short story.  The story shed light on the treatment of women by the medical establishment, especially in regard to mental health issues.  The “Education” tab near the top of the page, offers several high school lesson plans and a higher education module, for use with the exhibition.  The high school lesson plans are for an English class and a Health Education class, and are about women and medicine, and mental health, past and present.  The higher education module takes a look at ‘The Troubled Mind in Medicine and Society”.

Please click here to access.

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