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Feb 12 2014

Latest report from Migration Policy Institute

Policymakers on both sides of the Atlantic face significant constraints in addressing the population of unauthorized migrants in their countries. Limited resources to tackle illegal migration, legal frameworks that protect individuals regardless of their residence status, and the risk that comprehensive enforcement efforts may have adverse consequences in related policy domains such as public health and safety are at the heart of the challenges governments face.

These considerations are explored in the latest report in a series by the Migration Policy Institute’s Transatlantic Council on Migration that focuses on practical policy solutions to curb the influence of “bad actors” who facilitate and profit from illegal migration: smugglers, traffickers, and unscrupulous employers among them.

In Trade-Offs in Immigration Enforcement, MPI Europe Director Elizabeth Collett and MPI Senior Policy Analyst Will Somerville argue that a successful migration enforcement regime is best defined as one that does limited or no harm to a country’s institutions of governance and to citizens’ livelihoods, while fortifying public trust that the government is running an efficient and effective system. The report notes that policymakers must recognize the context in which they operate, not least the strong demand for cheap labor in a globalized world, and the toxic political discussion surrounding immigration, particularly illegal.

This report is the fourth in the series from the Transatlantic Council on Migration. Read the series here.

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Jan 24 2014

Latest report from Migration Policy Institute

In Spheres of Exploitation: Thwarting Actors Who Profit from Illegal Labor, Domestic Servitude, and Sex Work, Migration Policy Institute researcher Meghan Benton focuses on exploitation in three spheres: the domestic care sector, the labor market, and the sex industry. The report analyzes the business model for all three spheres, where perpetrators are broadly motivated by the lure of high profits and low risks.

The report explores the obstacles that governments face in taking on these bad actors, including victim unwillingness to report crimes, the difficulty in identifying and prosecuting crimes in cases where consensual agreement exists between employer and employee, and the difficulty in targeting the masterminds of criminal operations.

The report examines the tools that exist to disrupt the business model of exploitation, including anti-trafficking legislation, penalties for employers who hire unauthorized workers, inspections, regulations, and public awareness campaigns.

Read the series here

 

[Source: Migration Policy Institute]

 

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Dec 20 2013

The Top 10 Migration Issues of 2013 from MPI’s online journal, the Migration Information Source

As the year draws to a close and as International Migrants Day is observed, it’s time for the Migration Information Source’s Top 10 Migration Issues of 2013.

Each year, the Migration Policy Institute’s respected online journal examines some of the world’s top migration developments and trends. The 2013 articles, written by MPI and MPI Europe analysts, chronicle some of the year’s most interesting and consequential developments—from Europe wrestling with migration management challenges thrown into relief after a deadly shipwreck off the coast of Lampedusa to the ever-widening Syrian humanitarian crisis and the United States seemingly on the cusp of enacting landmark reform only for the legislative year to end without action.

Please click here to access the Top 10 of 2013:

[Source: Migration Information Source December 2013] 

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Nov 15 2013

Latest report from Migration Policy Institute

The Migration Policy Institute (MPI) has published a series of reports focusing on human capital and the challenge that policymakers and employers face of ensuring that workers have the skills and abilities to find productive employment and contribute to growth, innovation, and competitiveness in a constantly changing labor market.Germany, Canada, and the United Kingdom, and detail the tools policymakers have at their disposal to craft a successful skills development strategy (including language and workforce training, reforms to public employment services and training programs, and employer engagement).www.migrationpolicy.org/transatlantic.

This series from MPI’s Transatlantic Council on Migration concludes today with publication of a statement that outlines the Council’s views on how governments can design strategies that maximize their countries’ human-capital resources.

Written by MPI President and Council Convenor Demetrios G. Papademetriou, Maximizing Human Capital in a Rapidly Evolving Economic Landscape stresses that remaining competitive rests, first and foremost, in developing and fully utilizing the skills of those already within the country. The earlier reports in the series assess workforce development systems in

For more on the Transatlantic Council on Migration and its work, visit www.migrationpolicy.org/transatlantic.

[Source: Migration Policy Institute]

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Apr 03 2013

Latest report from Migration Policy Institute

New MPI Europe report examines the integration needs and rights of mobile EU citizens

 
The right to free movement for all European Union citizens and the resulting mobility system represent one of the EU’s signal achievements. The integration of mobile EU citizens has not been widely discussed, however, either at EU or national levels, and EU-level integration policies focus on the integration of legally residing third-country nationals.

 

The lifting of restrictions on movements of Bulgarian and Romanian nationals at year’s end is sparking concerns in some EU Member States over the costs of free movement on local budgets and national social security programmes. The question of who should be liable for the costs of integrating newcomers has also taken on new prominence; in Germany, the German Association of Cities recently called for additional federal financial support, saying municipalities face significant costs as a result of what it termed ‘poverty migration.’ And the Dutch government, outlining its most recent integration agenda, announced it will invest in policies facilitating the integration of mobile EU citizens.

 

A new Migration Policy Institute Europe report, The integration needs of mobile EU citizens: Impediments and opportunities, investigates the broad range of integration needs that exist in Europe and the role different actors, including employers, can play in meeting them. The topic is particularly relevant with respect to vulnerable groups such as minorities and the poverty-stricken.

 

The report, authored by MPI Europe Director Elizabeth Collett, outlines the near-equivalent set of legal and social rights that mobile EU citizens have compared to those of native residents in each EU country. While the strong rights framework enjoyed by these mobile citizens implies that the process of settling in is easier for those holding EU citizenship than for third-country nationals, the reality is typically more complex. Nationality makes little difference to the process of adapting to new languages, institutions, and social norms, and mobile EU citizens have many of the same integration needs as their third-country national counterparts—not least a need for language courses and orientation information concerning life in their new countries.

 

‘The European Union and national policymakers must take a more hands-on role in facilitating the successful integration of newcomers—mobile EU citizens and third-country nationals alike. The same goes for city authorities, employers, and origin countries themselves,’ said MPI Europe President Demetrios G. Papademetriou. ‘Most importantly, policymakers must adopt a coherent approach to the social situation of EU citizens who live in a country other than their own so that they don’t find themselves in a more vulnerable position than their third-country immigrant neighbours.’

 

The report makes the case that EU citizens should more proactively be included in language and orientation courses on a voluntary basis. In addition, there is a critical need to improve the knowledge base, particularly for local actors, so that public services such as education and health can adapt according to need.

 

The MPI Europe report is the second of two studies examining labour mobility in the European Union; the first provides a detailed assessment of intra-EU mobility trends and drivers, and examines the evidence on the economic and social impact of free movement on origin and destination countries.

 

For more on MPI Europe and its research publications, visit www.mpieurope.org.

 

[Source: Migration Policy Institute]

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Nov 22 2012

MPI - Examines Leveraging Migration for Development in Thailand

In Thailand at a Crossroads: Challenges and Opportunities in Leveraging Migration for Development - authors Jerry Huguet, Aphichat Chamratrithirong, and Claudia Natali examine the country’s two basic approaches to regularizing labor migration: Memoranda of Understanding with migrant-sending neighbors and nationality verification as a preliminary step for work permit application by migrants who had entered irregularly.

The authors find that Thailand, given its robust and growing economy, is well positioned to take advantage of the benefits of migration. However, they add, harnessing migration’s full potential would require the introduction of comprehensive, long-term migration policies that address the realities facing migrants living in Thailand, of which more than 1 million remain unregistered. Many migrants in Thailand face obstacles to decent work opportunities, health-care access, and civil rights.

[Source: Migration Policy Institute]

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Apr 11 2012

Latest Resources from Migration Informatio​n Source - April 3, 2012

  1. Frequently Requested Statistics on Immigrants and Immigration in the United States
  2. Interested in information on annual naturalization trends, illegal immigration, the geographical distribution of immigrants in the United States, current and historical shares, and a host of other topics? MPI’s Jeanne Batalova and Alicia Lee have assembled the latest, most interesting data on immigrants and immigration into one easy-to-use resource.

  3. Rapid Growth in Singapore’s Immigrant Population Brings Policy Challenges
  4. Over the past decade, Singapore’s multicultural yet nationalist society has experienced substantial inflows of Asian and Western professionals, low-skilled migrants from across Southeast Asia, and new immigrants from nontraditional sending countries. This, coupled with increasingly permanent emigration of educated and skilled Singaporeans, has presented the city-state with complex challenges related to migration policymaking.

[Source: Migration Policy Institute]

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Oct 06 2011

Articles from Migration Policy Institute

  1. Foreign-Born Wage and Salary Workers in the US Labor Force and Unions
  2. Of the 14.8 million union members in 2010, 12 percent were foreign born. MPI’s Jeanne Batalova examines the data on immigrant participation in the US labor force and unions.

     

  3. The Debate Over Multiculturalism: Philosophy, Politics, and Policy
  4. The heated debate between supporters and detractors of multiculturalism has been made all the more salient by the recent attacks in Norway carried out by Anders Breivik in the name of cultural conservatism and the political rhetoric that characterizes popular right-wing parties in Europe’s north. Irene Bloemraad of the University of California, Berkeley, sheds light on the various meanings of the term “multiculturalism” and provides insights on the effects of multicultural policies on immigrant integration.
     

[Source: Migration Policy Institute]

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Jan 06 2009

Top 10 Migration Issues of 2008

The online journal, Migration Information Source (MIS), published by the non-partisan Migration Policy Institute has released its Top 10 Migration Issues list of 2008. The list is determined with input from experts in the migration field and is influenced by ongoing news events and developments. The release of the list coupled with the United Nations designated International Migrants’ Day on December 18. Click here for access.

MIS offers useful tools, vital data and essential facts on the movement of people worldwide as well as global analysis of global migration and refugee trends.

Top 10 Migration Issues list of 2008:

  1. “Buyer’s Remorse” on Immigration Policy
  2. The Recession-Proof Race for Highly Skilled Migrants
  3. Remittance Patterns in Flux
  4. Immigration Ultimately Not an Issue in the 2008 Election
  5. Xenophobia Rising
  6. Return Migration: Changing Directions?
  7. Demography and Migration Flows: Do Shrinking Populations Mean More Migrants?
  8. Keep on Building Border Fences
  9. Warming up to Circular Migration?
  10. Struggles of Iraqi Refugees Continue

 

 

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