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Oct 03 2014

Latest news from Migration Policy Institute

The new Migration Policy Institute (MPI) report Selling Visas and Citizenship: Policy Questions from the Global Boom in Investor Immigration, examines the increasing mix of players and types of immigrant investor programs, their policy design, benefits and other considerations. During the past decade, the number of countries with immigrant investor programs has increased dramatically, and about half of all European Union member states now have dedicated routes. Demand has increased as well, with the U.S. EB-5 program, for example, nearing its annual cap of 10,000 visas this year for the first time, after two decades of relatively low uptake.

The report explores the two primary models: (1) investment in private-sector assets, such as the business investment programs used in the United States, Singapore and the Netherlands, or the purchase of private property, as seen in Greece, Latvia, Portugal and Spain, and (2) providing funds to the government via non-refundable fees, low-interest loans or bonds, as occurs in the Caribbean as well as Australia, Malta and the United Kingdom.

The report provides a global overview of immigrant investor initiatives, examines residency requirements and upfront costs.

Read the report at: www.migrationpolicy.org/research/selling-visas-and-citizenship-policy-questions-global-boom-investor-immigration

[Source: Migration Policy Institute]

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Jun 18 2014

Latest news from Migration Policy Institute

As increasing numbers of asylum seekers and migrants undertake precarious journeys by land and sea to reach Europe, the European Union is at a key juncture in its asylum and migration policy-making cycle. The European Council will convene at the end of June to agree upon strategic guidelines intended to set the tone and parameters for future policy-making for the 2014-2020 period in the area of Justice and Home Affairs.

 

A new Migration Policy Institute Europe policy brief, Strengthening refugee protection and meeting challenges: The European Union’s next steps on asylum, identifies the main issues that should be included in the strategic guidelines on asylum, and emphasises the need for a strong basis for future action. The brief, written by Madeline Garlick, former head of policy at the Brussels office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), offers a number of recommendations, including increased engagement by Member States in practical cooperation as a way to strengthen implementation and consolidation of existing EU laws and achieve more consistent, high-quality asylum decision-making.

 

The policy brief is the first in a joint project between MPI Europe and the International Migration Initiative of the Open Society Foundations. The project, European Union Asylum: Beyond 2014, aims to contribute to development of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) consistent with the European Union’s interests, values, and obligations, through research on challenges and options on asylum to inform the development of evidence-based policies and laws.

[Source: Migration Policy Institute]

 

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May 12 2014

Latest news from Migration Policy Institute

In Global Forum on Migration and Development: Perspectives from Asia and the Pacific, authors Imelda Nicolas and Dovelyn Rannveig Agunias evaluate the success of the GFMD and the role of countries from Asia and the Pacific in shaping outcomes. The authors emphasize that for the GFMD to continue to be relevant, the Forum needs to shape the reality on the ground, as much as the global discourse on migration and development. To do so, the GFMD could provide more opportunities for collaboration between interested governments and migration stakeholders by enhancing linkages with regional fora and processes; creating a more dynamic people-to-people networking platform; and ensuring a more focused action- and results-oriented process.

 

This issue in brief is the ninth in the series of policy papers by the Migration Policy Institute (MPI) and the International Organization for Migration’s Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific that offer succinct insights on migration issues affecting the Asia-Pacific region today. To read earlier briefs in the series, visit: www.migrationpolicy.org/programs/migrants-migration-and-development.

 

With GFMD 2014 convening next week in Stockholm, a recent MPI briefing with H.E. Eva Åkerman Börje, Ambassador and Chair of the 2014 GFMD, discuss the Forum’s agenda, policy areas that seem ripe for action, and what impact the GFMD discussions will have on the post-2015 development agenda. Please listen to the briefing here. 

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Feb 12 2014

Latest report from Migration Policy Institute

Policymakers on both sides of the Atlantic face significant constraints in addressing the population of unauthorized migrants in their countries. Limited resources to tackle illegal migration, legal frameworks that protect individuals regardless of their residence status, and the risk that comprehensive enforcement efforts may have adverse consequences in related policy domains such as public health and safety are at the heart of the challenges governments face.

These considerations are explored in the latest report in a series by the Migration Policy Institute’s Transatlantic Council on Migration that focuses on practical policy solutions to curb the influence of “bad actors” who facilitate and profit from illegal migration: smugglers, traffickers, and unscrupulous employers among them.

In Trade-Offs in Immigration Enforcement, MPI Europe Director Elizabeth Collett and MPI Senior Policy Analyst Will Somerville argue that a successful migration enforcement regime is best defined as one that does limited or no harm to a country’s institutions of governance and to citizens’ livelihoods, while fortifying public trust that the government is running an efficient and effective system. The report notes that policymakers must recognize the context in which they operate, not least the strong demand for cheap labor in a globalized world, and the toxic political discussion surrounding immigration, particularly illegal.

This report is the fourth in the series from the Transatlantic Council on Migration. Read the series here.

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Jan 24 2014

Latest report from Migration Policy Institute

In Spheres of Exploitation: Thwarting Actors Who Profit from Illegal Labor, Domestic Servitude, and Sex Work, Migration Policy Institute researcher Meghan Benton focuses on exploitation in three spheres: the domestic care sector, the labor market, and the sex industry. The report analyzes the business model for all three spheres, where perpetrators are broadly motivated by the lure of high profits and low risks.

The report explores the obstacles that governments face in taking on these bad actors, including victim unwillingness to report crimes, the difficulty in identifying and prosecuting crimes in cases where consensual agreement exists between employer and employee, and the difficulty in targeting the masterminds of criminal operations.

The report examines the tools that exist to disrupt the business model of exploitation, including anti-trafficking legislation, penalties for employers who hire unauthorized workers, inspections, regulations, and public awareness campaigns.

Read the series here

 

[Source: Migration Policy Institute]

 

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Dec 20 2013

The Top 10 Migration Issues of 2013 from MPI’s online journal, the Migration Information Source

As the year draws to a close and as International Migrants Day is observed, it’s time for the Migration Information Source’s Top 10 Migration Issues of 2013.

Each year, the Migration Policy Institute’s respected online journal examines some of the world’s top migration developments and trends. The 2013 articles, written by MPI and MPI Europe analysts, chronicle some of the year’s most interesting and consequential developments—from Europe wrestling with migration management challenges thrown into relief after a deadly shipwreck off the coast of Lampedusa to the ever-widening Syrian humanitarian crisis and the United States seemingly on the cusp of enacting landmark reform only for the legislative year to end without action.

Please click here to access the Top 10 of 2013:

[Source: Migration Information Source December 2013] 

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Nov 15 2013

Latest report from Migration Policy Institute

The Migration Policy Institute (MPI) has published a series of reports focusing on human capital and the challenge that policymakers and employers face of ensuring that workers have the skills and abilities to find productive employment and contribute to growth, innovation, and competitiveness in a constantly changing labor market.Germany, Canada, and the United Kingdom, and detail the tools policymakers have at their disposal to craft a successful skills development strategy (including language and workforce training, reforms to public employment services and training programs, and employer engagement).www.migrationpolicy.org/transatlantic.

This series from MPI’s Transatlantic Council on Migration concludes today with publication of a statement that outlines the Council’s views on how governments can design strategies that maximize their countries’ human-capital resources.

Written by MPI President and Council Convenor Demetrios G. Papademetriou, Maximizing Human Capital in a Rapidly Evolving Economic Landscape stresses that remaining competitive rests, first and foremost, in developing and fully utilizing the skills of those already within the country. The earlier reports in the series assess workforce development systems in

For more on the Transatlantic Council on Migration and its work, visit www.migrationpolicy.org/transatlantic.

[Source: Migration Policy Institute]

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Apr 03 2013

Latest report from Migration Policy Institute

New MPI Europe report examines the integration needs and rights of mobile EU citizens

 
The right to free movement for all European Union citizens and the resulting mobility system represent one of the EU’s signal achievements. The integration of mobile EU citizens has not been widely discussed, however, either at EU or national levels, and EU-level integration policies focus on the integration of legally residing third-country nationals.

 

The lifting of restrictions on movements of Bulgarian and Romanian nationals at year’s end is sparking concerns in some EU Member States over the costs of free movement on local budgets and national social security programmes. The question of who should be liable for the costs of integrating newcomers has also taken on new prominence; in Germany, the German Association of Cities recently called for additional federal financial support, saying municipalities face significant costs as a result of what it termed ‘poverty migration.’ And the Dutch government, outlining its most recent integration agenda, announced it will invest in policies facilitating the integration of mobile EU citizens.

 

A new Migration Policy Institute Europe report, The integration needs of mobile EU citizens: Impediments and opportunities, investigates the broad range of integration needs that exist in Europe and the role different actors, including employers, can play in meeting them. The topic is particularly relevant with respect to vulnerable groups such as minorities and the poverty-stricken.

 

The report, authored by MPI Europe Director Elizabeth Collett, outlines the near-equivalent set of legal and social rights that mobile EU citizens have compared to those of native residents in each EU country. While the strong rights framework enjoyed by these mobile citizens implies that the process of settling in is easier for those holding EU citizenship than for third-country nationals, the reality is typically more complex. Nationality makes little difference to the process of adapting to new languages, institutions, and social norms, and mobile EU citizens have many of the same integration needs as their third-country national counterparts—not least a need for language courses and orientation information concerning life in their new countries.

 

‘The European Union and national policymakers must take a more hands-on role in facilitating the successful integration of newcomers—mobile EU citizens and third-country nationals alike. The same goes for city authorities, employers, and origin countries themselves,’ said MPI Europe President Demetrios G. Papademetriou. ‘Most importantly, policymakers must adopt a coherent approach to the social situation of EU citizens who live in a country other than their own so that they don’t find themselves in a more vulnerable position than their third-country immigrant neighbours.’

 

The report makes the case that EU citizens should more proactively be included in language and orientation courses on a voluntary basis. In addition, there is a critical need to improve the knowledge base, particularly for local actors, so that public services such as education and health can adapt according to need.

 

The MPI Europe report is the second of two studies examining labour mobility in the European Union; the first provides a detailed assessment of intra-EU mobility trends and drivers, and examines the evidence on the economic and social impact of free movement on origin and destination countries.

 

For more on MPI Europe and its research publications, visit www.mpieurope.org.

 

[Source: Migration Policy Institute]

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Nov 22 2012

MPI - Examines Leveraging Migration for Development in Thailand

In Thailand at a Crossroads: Challenges and Opportunities in Leveraging Migration for Development - authors Jerry Huguet, Aphichat Chamratrithirong, and Claudia Natali examine the country’s two basic approaches to regularizing labor migration: Memoranda of Understanding with migrant-sending neighbors and nationality verification as a preliminary step for work permit application by migrants who had entered irregularly.

The authors find that Thailand, given its robust and growing economy, is well positioned to take advantage of the benefits of migration. However, they add, harnessing migration’s full potential would require the introduction of comprehensive, long-term migration policies that address the realities facing migrants living in Thailand, of which more than 1 million remain unregistered. Many migrants in Thailand face obstacles to decent work opportunities, health-care access, and civil rights.

[Source: Migration Policy Institute]

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Apr 11 2012

Latest Resources from Migration Informatio​n Source - April 3, 2012

  1. Frequently Requested Statistics on Immigrants and Immigration in the United States
  2. Interested in information on annual naturalization trends, illegal immigration, the geographical distribution of immigrants in the United States, current and historical shares, and a host of other topics? MPI’s Jeanne Batalova and Alicia Lee have assembled the latest, most interesting data on immigrants and immigration into one easy-to-use resource.

  3. Rapid Growth in Singapore’s Immigrant Population Brings Policy Challenges
  4. Over the past decade, Singapore’s multicultural yet nationalist society has experienced substantial inflows of Asian and Western professionals, low-skilled migrants from across Southeast Asia, and new immigrants from nontraditional sending countries. This, coupled with increasingly permanent emigration of educated and skilled Singaporeans, has presented the city-state with complex challenges related to migration policymaking.

[Source: Migration Policy Institute]

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