Turkey’s Evolving Migration Identity
Turkey’s migration identity has shifted from being principally a country of emigration and transit to becoming a destination for immigrants and people fleeing conflict. In response, Turkish policymakers recently enacted a comprehensive migration and asylum law that took effect in April 2014. This article examines the new law, which is intended as a significant step toward managing both legal and irregular migration to Turkey, including humanitarian migration.
Immigrants from the Dominican Republic in the United States
The Dominican-born population in the United States has grown rapidly since 1960, and today, the United States is home to 960,000 immigrants from the Dominican Republic. This article provides up-to-date demographic information for Dominican immigrants in the United States, including statistics on distribution by state and metro area, educational and professional attainment, income levels, health care coverage, and more.
Temporary Protected Status in the United States: A Grant of Humanitarian Relief that Is Less than Permanent
From a massive typhoon in the Philippines last November to the ongoing civil war in Syria, recent global events demonstrate that natural disasters and political strife occur suddenly and often without warning. This article examines the U.S. Temporary Protected Status (TPS) program that grants humanitarian relief to nationals of certain countries embroiled in violent conflict or recovering from natural disaster.
[Source: Migration Information Source July 28, 2014]
A Forgotten Crisis: Displacement in the Central African Republic
The humanitarian crisis unfolding in the Central African Republic (CAR) has received scant world attention, even as more than 20 percent of the population of 4.25 million has been displaced as a result of deadly sectarian violence. This article examines the causes of the violence, the international community response, and the impacts of large-scale displacement within the country and beyond its borders.
Dramatic Surge in the Arrival of Unaccompanied Children Has Deep Roots and No Simple Solutions
The phenomenon of unaccompanied children arriving at the U.S.-Mexico border, typically after an arduous and often dangerous journey through Central America and Mexico, has reached a crisis proportion, with a 90 percent spike in arrivals from last year and predictions of future increases ahead.
[Source: Migration Information Source June 23, 2014]
Haitian Immigrants in the United States
Between 1990 and 2012, the U.S. population of immigrants born in Haiti tripled in size, from 200,000 to 606,000. This article provides the most up-to-date demographic information available for Haitian immigrants in the United States, including statistics on distribution by state and metro area, educational and professional attainment, income levels, health care coverage, and more.
Marshall Islanders: Migration Patterns and Health-Care Challenges
Approximately one-third of the population of the Republic of the Marshall Islands, a series of islands and atolls in the Pacific, has relocated to the United States, with Hawaii, Guam, and Arkansas key destinations. Lack of economic and employment opportunities are among the leading factors that have prompted this migration. Access to education and health care, which are critically important for a population that has reduced life expectancy and significant negative health indicators, also represent key factors.
[Source: Migration Information Source May 29, 2014]
Frequently Requested Statistics on Immigrants and Immigration in the United States
The U.S. immigrant population—estimated at 40.8 million in 2012—is the nation’s historical numerical high, and it is also the largest foreign-born population in the world. About 20 percent of all international migrants reside in the United States, even as the country accounts for less than 5 percent of global population. This article presents the latest, most sought-after data on immigrants in the United States—by origin, residence, legal status, deportations, languages spoken, and more—in one easy-to-use resource.
Global Civil Society in Qatar and the Gulf Cooperation Council: Emerging Dilemmas and Opportunities
As Qatar races to build its infrastructure for the 2022 World Cup, international civil-society actors increasingly are highlighting the harsh conditions under which temporary labor migrants often work in Qatar and other Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. This article examines the emerging roles, challenges, and opportunities that civil-society groups face in the region; it also analyzes the prevailing legal and political structures where civil society operates in the Gulf.
Hazleton Immigration Ordinance That Began With a Bang Goes Out With a Whimper
In a decision that received little notice, the Supreme Court in mid-March declined to review federal appellate decisions that struck down controversial local immigration ordinances in Hazleton, Pennsylvania, and Farmers Branch, Texas—bringing to a close a contentious chapter in immigration litigation. This article also explores President Obama’s decision to order a review of deportation policies, Chile’s admission into the Visa Waiver Program, and more.
[Source: Migration Information Source April 28, 2014]
Morocco: Setting the Stage for Becoming a Migration Transition Country?
Since the 1960s, Morocco has evolved into one of the world’s leading emigration countries. Immigration restrictions in Europe did not stop migration, but rather pushed Moroccan migrants into permanent settlement, prompting large-scale family reunification. Morocco is also becoming a destination country for migrants from sub-Saharan Africa and, to some extent, crisis-hit European countries. The growing presence of immigrants confronts Moroccan society with an entirely new set of social and legal issues typical for immigration countries, which do not yet resonate with Morocco’s self-image as an emigration country. These changing realities prompted the Moroccan government to announce a new migration policy in 2013, as this country profile explores.
Internal Labor Migration in India Raises Integration Challenges for Migrants
Internal migration spurred primarily by employment and marriage helps shape the economic, social, and political life of India’s sending and receiving regions. Labor migrants face myriad challenges, including restricted access to basic needs such as identity documentation and social entitlements. This article describes the barriers to integration that labor migrants face, and details the policy environment surrounding their integration challenges.
[Source: Migration Information Source March 21, 2014]
Republican Congressional Leaders Shelve Immigration Reform for 2014
The small window for enactment of a major U.S. immigration overhaul during 2014 seems to have closed. A trial balloon testing House Republicans’ willingness to proceed this year was quickly floated and dropped. Amid a focus on politics and timing, less noted was the reality that for the first time, House Republican leaders have affirmed support for a policy that would move the party closer to compromise over the most vexing question holding up immigration reform: what to do with the nation’s unauthorized immigrants.
Refugees and Asylees in the United States
In 2012, the United States granted humanitarian protection to more than 87,000 people, with grants of asylum up 19 percent and refugee admissions up 3 percent from a year earlier. This article provides a detailed look at the most recent refugee and asylum data in the United States, including country of origin, top states of settlement, and more.
[Source: Migration Information Source February 21, 2014]
The Migration Policy Institute (MPI) today announced the launch of a completely redesigned website for MPI and its online journal, the Migration Information Source. The new website provides a significantly more user-friendly experience with improved navigation, richer visualization of data offerings and the ability to find research, multimedia content and articles by topic, region and other criteria.
The website, www.migrationpolicy.org, offers a clean, contemporary design with powerful search capabilities, as well as a new section for commentaries written by MPI and MPI Europe policy analysts. Users will be able to select MPI and Migration Information Source resources by topic, region, content type, analyst and program activity.
The website includes a revamped MPI Data Hub that offers a wealth of international and U.S. data, charts and maps. The Data Hub provides current and historical data on immigrant populations by size, origin, place of residence, educational attainment, language proficiencies and workforce participation; as well as trends in remittance flows, emigration and more.
Assessing Immigrant Integration in Sweden after the May 2013 Riots
Despite Sweden’s robust commitment to the protection of refugees’ human rights and its extensive immigrant integration policies, the country’s growing and diversifying immigrant population faces high rates of unemployment, segregation, and discrimination. This article explores the roots of some of these outcomes, and assesses Sweden’s new integration policy program.
US Immigration Reform Didn’t Happen in 2013; Will 2014 Be the Year?
Immigration reform most likely will be on the Washington agenda in 2014, after a roller coaster 2013 that began with significant momentum for legislative action but ended without results. As the prospects for immigration reform darkened in the second half of 2013, the pressure tactics used by pro-reform advocates evolved to include civil disobedience, fasts, and other strategies borrowed from earlier movements.
[Source: Migration Information Source January 17, 2014]
As the year draws to a close and as International Migrants Day is observed, it’s time for the Migration Information Source’s Top 10 Migration Issues of 2013.
Each year, the Migration Policy Institute’s respected online journal examines some of the world’s top migration developments and trends. The 2013 articles, written by MPI and MPI Europe analysts, chronicle some of the year’s most interesting and consequential developments—from Europe wrestling with migration management challenges thrown into relief after a deadly shipwreck off the coast of Lampedusa to the ever-widening Syrian humanitarian crisis and the United States seemingly on the cusp of enacting landmark reform only for the legislative year to end without action.
Please click here to access the Top 10 of 2013:
[Source: Migration Information Source December 2013]
The Top 10 Migration Issues of 2013
The year 2013 was a year full of developments — policy-oriented and otherwise — on the immigration front: from Europe wrestling with migration management challenges thrown into relief after a deadly shipwreck off the coast of Lampedusa to the ever-widening Syrian humanitarian crisis and the United States seemingly on the cusp of enacting landmark reform only for the year to draw to a close without action. In the Migration Information Source’s annual Top 10 migration developments of the year, Migration Policy Institute researchers delved into key issues of 2013.
Green-Card Holders and Legal Immigration to the United States
The current immigrant admission system to the United States has four main pathways: family sponsorship, a job offer from a US employer, humanitarian reasons, and selection via a green-card lottery. The Yearbook of Immigration Statistics provides federal statistics on foreign nationals who gained lawful permanent resident (LPR) status during 2012. This article includes, among other things, the number of new arrivals and the number of people granted LPR status in 2012.
[Source: Migration Information Source December 2013]