Green-Card Holders and Legal Immigration to the United States
More than 1 million people became lawful permanent residents (LPRs) of the United States in 2012, with family-sponsored immigrants accounting for two-thirds of those gaining a green card. This Spotlight examines federal statistics on foreign nationals who gained LPR status during 2012.
Alabama Settlement Marks Near End of a Chapter in State Immigration Enforcement Activism
With the state of Alabama’s recent legal settlement ensuring that key portions of its highly contested immigration enforcement law will never take effect, an important chapter of heightened activism by states in immigration enforcement has drawn to a near close. This article explores Alabama’s decision, which traces its roots to the Supreme Court’s 2012 ruling in Arizona v. United States, as well as the Infosys civil settlement with federal prosecutors over its use of foreign workers, new refugee admission numbers, extension of Temporary Protected Status for Somalis, and more.
[Source: Migration Information Source 21/11/2013]
Mapping West Africa’s Migration and Land-Management Crisis
Land is the basis of nearly all economic activities — from farming to financial speculation on cotton production — in and along the periphery of an internationally protected park that spans parts of Benin, Burkina Faso, and Niger. Recognized as the “W” Transboundary Biosphere Reserve in 2002, this vast territory and surrounding areas are experiencing a land-management crisis in which seasonal and long-term migration has played a major role. This article examines these challenges through the use of reflexive maps, which capture data relating not only to migrants’ paths and motivations, but also the social values and knowledge that they carry with them.
Middle Eastern and North African Immigrants in the United States
Immigrants from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region residing in the United States are part of a migration flow that dates back several decades. The highly diverse MENA immigrant population has grown from about 50,000 in 1920 to nearly 961,000 in 2012. This article examines the latest data on immigrants from the MENA region in the United States, including population size, geographic distribution, admission categories, and demographic and socioeconomic characteristics.
[Source: Migration Information Source 2/10/2013]
Integrating Immigrant Youth: Transatlantic Perspectives
Having entered a country before or during a global economic crisis that remains acute in many areas, millions of young immigrants around the world face long-lasting setbacks in launching their careers and reaching their potential. Discrimination in the job market remains a major obstacle in many parts of Europe and the United States, affecting both immigrant youth and young people with an immigrant background. This article examines common challenges and factors influencing the development of local labor-market integration initiatives targeting immigrant youth, based on four city case studies conducted in the United States and the European Union.
The Gambia: Migration in Africa’s “Smiling Coast”
Economic turmoil has been a primary driver of emigration from The Gambia, located in West Africa and the smallest country on the African continent. Despite having a decades-old, extensive diaspora mainly in Spain, the United States, Nigeria, Senegal, and the United Kingdom, the Gambian government has only very recently begun to reach out to its citizens abroad. This article explores The Gambia’s migration history, emigration and immigration trends, remittances, economic impacts of skilled emigration, and recent efforts by the government to reach out to the Gambian diaspora.
[Source: Migration Information Source 9/4/2013]
Now that the Senate Has Passed Landmark Immigration Legislation, All Eyes Are on the House
On June 27, the US Senate passed legislation to overhaul the US immigration system on a scale not seen in decades. Despite this major breakthrough, it is clear that immigration reform faces an uphill battle in the House of Representatives, where the dynamics are much different than in the Senate. This article assesses the prospects for immigration reform in the House, explores provisions of the Senate bill, the implications of the Supreme Court’s recent ruling on the Defense of Marriage Act for US immigration policy, and more.
Diasporas and Development in Post-Communist Eurasia
The region encompassing Central and Eastern Europe as well as the former Soviet Union is the source of a sizeable share of international migrants today, yet many of these countries’ development efforts do not benefit from strong diaspora ties. With the addition of several new countries in this region since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, and Czechoslovakia in the early 1990s, the notions of nationality and belonging — central to any diaspora engagement in home-country development — have become particularly complex and delicate. This article provides an overview of migration and demographic changes in this region from the 1990s forward, and also examines government approaches and attitudes toward diasporas and development.
As Senate Debates Immigration Reform, CBO and New Studies Examine Effects of Immigration on Nation’s Fiscal Health
As the US Senate continues its debate over a bill to overhaul the nation’s immigration system, the fiscal impacts associated with enactment of such legislation have emerged as a divisive issue. Following the release of an official congressional cost estimate on Tuesday, this article examines the crucial question of how immigrants’ contributions to the tax base compare to the public benefits they would receive under S. 744, the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act of 2013.
[Source: Migration Information Source 7/3/13]
- International Protection for a Newly Surfacing Refugee Community
Many countries, and in particular the United States, have begun granting asylum claims filed on the basis of sexual orientation in the past few decades. Despite the efforts by US and other governments to reinforce protection for LGBT refugees, this community remains a partially recognized group.
- College-Educated Immigrants in the United States
Immigrants accounted for 16 percent of the 58.8 million college-educated persons in the United States in 2011, with one in three immigrants holding a college degree. In this spotlight, MPI’s Qingqing Ji and Jeanne Batalova provide a demographic and socioeconomic profile of college-educated natives and immigrants in the country.
[Source: Migration Information Source]
Recognizing the growing importance of China on the world stage politically, economically, and socially, the Migration Information Source, the online journal of the Migration Policy Institute, is releasing the first installment of a four-part series exploring migration to, from, and within China (including Hong Kong and Macau) and Taiwan.
The special issue, “Migration in the Modern Chinese World,” timed to the Chinese New Year on January 23rd, is comprised of eight articles written by leading experts in the migration field and covering the following topics: the rural-to-urban migration of Chinese youth, Chinese and Taiwanese immigrants in South Africa, migration policy in China, the history and impact of migration in Taiwan, characteristics of the Chinese and Taiwanese immigrant populations in the United States, Chinese circulatory migration with New Zealand as a case study, and human trafficking policy in Taiwan. The articles will be published throughout January. So far, two articles are now available for viewing:
China’s Young Rural-to-Urban Migrants: In Search of Fortune, Happiness, and Independence
Living In Between: The Chinese in South Africa
[Source: Migration Information Source]