Morocco: Setting the Stage for Becoming a Migration Transition Country?
Since the 1960s, Morocco has evolved into one of the world’s leading emigration countries. Immigration restrictions in Europe did not stop migration, but rather pushed Moroccan migrants into permanent settlement, prompting large-scale family reunification. Morocco is also becoming a destination country for migrants from sub-Saharan Africa and, to some extent, crisis-hit European countries. The growing presence of immigrants confronts Moroccan society with an entirely new set of social and legal issues typical for immigration countries, which do not yet resonate with Morocco’s self-image as an emigration country. These changing realities prompted the Moroccan government to announce a new migration policy in 2013, as this country profile explores.
Internal Labor Migration in India Raises Integration Challenges for Migrants
Internal migration spurred primarily by employment and marriage helps shape the economic, social, and political life of India’s sending and receiving regions. Labor migrants face myriad challenges, including restricted access to basic needs such as identity documentation and social entitlements. This article describes the barriers to integration that labor migrants face, and details the policy environment surrounding their integration challenges.
[Source: Migration Information Source March 21, 2014]
Republican Congressional Leaders Shelve Immigration Reform for 2014
The small window for enactment of a major U.S. immigration overhaul during 2014 seems to have closed. A trial balloon testing House Republicans’ willingness to proceed this year was quickly floated and dropped. Amid a focus on politics and timing, less noted was the reality that for the first time, House Republican leaders have affirmed support for a policy that would move the party closer to compromise over the most vexing question holding up immigration reform: what to do with the nation’s unauthorized immigrants.
Refugees and Asylees in the United States
In 2012, the United States granted humanitarian protection to more than 87,000 people, with grants of asylum up 19 percent and refugee admissions up 3 percent from a year earlier. This article provides a detailed look at the most recent refugee and asylum data in the United States, including country of origin, top states of settlement, and more.
[Source: Migration Information Source February 21, 2014]
The Migration Policy Institute (MPI) today announced the launch of a completely redesigned website for MPI and its online journal, the Migration Information Source. The new website provides a significantly more user-friendly experience with improved navigation, richer visualization of data offerings and the ability to find research, multimedia content and articles by topic, region and other criteria.
The website, www.migrationpolicy.org, offers a clean, contemporary design with powerful search capabilities, as well as a new section for commentaries written by MPI and MPI Europe policy analysts. Users will be able to select MPI and Migration Information Source resources by topic, region, content type, analyst and program activity.
The website includes a revamped MPI Data Hub that offers a wealth of international and U.S. data, charts and maps. The Data Hub provides current and historical data on immigrant populations by size, origin, place of residence, educational attainment, language proficiencies and workforce participation; as well as trends in remittance flows, emigration and more.
Assessing Immigrant Integration in Sweden after the May 2013 Riots
Despite Sweden’s robust commitment to the protection of refugees’ human rights and its extensive immigrant integration policies, the country’s growing and diversifying immigrant population faces high rates of unemployment, segregation, and discrimination. This article explores the roots of some of these outcomes, and assesses Sweden’s new integration policy program.
US Immigration Reform Didn’t Happen in 2013; Will 2014 Be the Year?
Immigration reform most likely will be on the Washington agenda in 2014, after a roller coaster 2013 that began with significant momentum for legislative action but ended without results. As the prospects for immigration reform darkened in the second half of 2013, the pressure tactics used by pro-reform advocates evolved to include civil disobedience, fasts, and other strategies borrowed from earlier movements.
[Source: Migration Information Source January 17, 2014]
As the year draws to a close and as International Migrants Day is observed, it’s time for the Migration Information Source’s Top 10 Migration Issues of 2013.
Each year, the Migration Policy Institute’s respected online journal examines some of the world’s top migration developments and trends. The 2013 articles, written by MPI and MPI Europe analysts, chronicle some of the year’s most interesting and consequential developments—from Europe wrestling with migration management challenges thrown into relief after a deadly shipwreck off the coast of Lampedusa to the ever-widening Syrian humanitarian crisis and the United States seemingly on the cusp of enacting landmark reform only for the legislative year to end without action.
Please click here to access the Top 10 of 2013:
[Source: Migration Information Source December 2013]
The Top 10 Migration Issues of 2013
The year 2013 was a year full of developments — policy-oriented and otherwise — on the immigration front: from Europe wrestling with migration management challenges thrown into relief after a deadly shipwreck off the coast of Lampedusa to the ever-widening Syrian humanitarian crisis and the United States seemingly on the cusp of enacting landmark reform only for the year to draw to a close without action. In the Migration Information Source’s annual Top 10 migration developments of the year, Migration Policy Institute researchers delved into key issues of 2013.
Green-Card Holders and Legal Immigration to the United States
The current immigrant admission system to the United States has four main pathways: family sponsorship, a job offer from a US employer, humanitarian reasons, and selection via a green-card lottery. The Yearbook of Immigration Statistics provides federal statistics on foreign nationals who gained lawful permanent resident (LPR) status during 2012. This article includes, among other things, the number of new arrivals and the number of people granted LPR status in 2012.
[Source: Migration Information Source December 2013]
Green-Card Holders and Legal Immigration to the United States
More than 1 million people became lawful permanent residents (LPRs) of the United States in 2012, with family-sponsored immigrants accounting for two-thirds of those gaining a green card. This Spotlight examines federal statistics on foreign nationals who gained LPR status during 2012.
Alabama Settlement Marks Near End of a Chapter in State Immigration Enforcement Activism
With the state of Alabama’s recent legal settlement ensuring that key portions of its highly contested immigration enforcement law will never take effect, an important chapter of heightened activism by states in immigration enforcement has drawn to a near close. This article explores Alabama’s decision, which traces its roots to the Supreme Court’s 2012 ruling in Arizona v. United States, as well as the Infosys civil settlement with federal prosecutors over its use of foreign workers, new refugee admission numbers, extension of Temporary Protected Status for Somalis, and more.
[Source: Migration Information Source 21/11/2013]
Mapping West Africa’s Migration and Land-Management Crisis
Land is the basis of nearly all economic activities — from farming to financial speculation on cotton production — in and along the periphery of an internationally protected park that spans parts of Benin, Burkina Faso, and Niger. Recognized as the “W” Transboundary Biosphere Reserve in 2002, this vast territory and surrounding areas are experiencing a land-management crisis in which seasonal and long-term migration has played a major role. This article examines these challenges through the use of reflexive maps, which capture data relating not only to migrants’ paths and motivations, but also the social values and knowledge that they carry with them.
Middle Eastern and North African Immigrants in the United States
Immigrants from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region residing in the United States are part of a migration flow that dates back several decades. The highly diverse MENA immigrant population has grown from about 50,000 in 1920 to nearly 961,000 in 2012. This article examines the latest data on immigrants from the MENA region in the United States, including population size, geographic distribution, admission categories, and demographic and socioeconomic characteristics.
[Source: Migration Information Source 2/10/2013]
Integrating Immigrant Youth: Transatlantic Perspectives
Having entered a country before or during a global economic crisis that remains acute in many areas, millions of young immigrants around the world face long-lasting setbacks in launching their careers and reaching their potential. Discrimination in the job market remains a major obstacle in many parts of Europe and the United States, affecting both immigrant youth and young people with an immigrant background. This article examines common challenges and factors influencing the development of local labor-market integration initiatives targeting immigrant youth, based on four city case studies conducted in the United States and the European Union.
The Gambia: Migration in Africa’s “Smiling Coast”
Economic turmoil has been a primary driver of emigration from The Gambia, located in West Africa and the smallest country on the African continent. Despite having a decades-old, extensive diaspora mainly in Spain, the United States, Nigeria, Senegal, and the United Kingdom, the Gambian government has only very recently begun to reach out to its citizens abroad. This article explores The Gambia’s migration history, emigration and immigration trends, remittances, economic impacts of skilled emigration, and recent efforts by the government to reach out to the Gambian diaspora.
[Source: Migration Information Source 9/4/2013]
Now that the Senate Has Passed Landmark Immigration Legislation, All Eyes Are on the House
On June 27, the US Senate passed legislation to overhaul the US immigration system on a scale not seen in decades. Despite this major breakthrough, it is clear that immigration reform faces an uphill battle in the House of Representatives, where the dynamics are much different than in the Senate. This article assesses the prospects for immigration reform in the House, explores provisions of the Senate bill, the implications of the Supreme Court’s recent ruling on the Defense of Marriage Act for US immigration policy, and more.
Diasporas and Development in Post-Communist Eurasia
The region encompassing Central and Eastern Europe as well as the former Soviet Union is the source of a sizeable share of international migrants today, yet many of these countries’ development efforts do not benefit from strong diaspora ties. With the addition of several new countries in this region since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, and Czechoslovakia in the early 1990s, the notions of nationality and belonging — central to any diaspora engagement in home-country development — have become particularly complex and delicate. This article provides an overview of migration and demographic changes in this region from the 1990s forward, and also examines government approaches and attitudes toward diasporas and development.
As Senate Debates Immigration Reform, CBO and New Studies Examine Effects of Immigration on Nation’s Fiscal Health
As the US Senate continues its debate over a bill to overhaul the nation’s immigration system, the fiscal impacts associated with enactment of such legislation have emerged as a divisive issue. Following the release of an official congressional cost estimate on Tuesday, this article examines the crucial question of how immigrants’ contributions to the tax base compare to the public benefits they would receive under S. 744, the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act of 2013.
[Source: Migration Information Source 7/3/13]