It’s that time of year again, when the Migration Policy Institute’s online journal, the Migration Information Source, kicks off its annual countdown of the Top 10 Migration Issues of 2014. This year, Migration Policy Institute (MPI) and MPI Europe experts were invited to examine key developments and trends in migration issues and policies around the world.
Herewith the beginning of the countdown:
10. Migration with Chinese Characteristics: Hukou Reform and Elite Emigration
9. The Points System is Dead, Long Live the Points System
8. Changing Landscape Prompts Mexico’s Emergence as a Migration Manager
7. Exploitation of Migrant Workers in Asia
6. Governments Fear Return and Intentions of Radicalized Citizens Fighting Abroad
Be sure to check back next week for the Top 10 Migration Issues of 2014 to see what made the top of the list!
Korean Immigrants in the United States
Migration to the United States from the Korean peninsula, largely from South Korea, owes its roots to political, military, and economic factors, with an estimated 1.1 million Korean immigrants in the United States. Korean migration to the United States has stalled in recent years, and even declined, with a small but growing number of immigrants and their U.S.-born children returning to Korea, as this article explores.
Ecuador: From Mass Emigration to Return Migration?
This country profile analyzes Ecuador’s migration trends and examines how remittances and return migration have become an important policy focus for a country with an estimated 1.5 million to 2 million nationals living abroad, chiefly in the United States, Spain, and Italy. As waves of emigration occurred, Ecuador also has experienced significant inflows of refugees and economic and lifestyle migrants.
[Source: Migration Information Source December 4, 2014]
Immigration Not Decisive in the Midterms, But Results Critical to the Congressional Debate
While immigration and the Latino vote may not have been decisive in the 2014 midterm elections, the Republican takeover of the Senate come January 2015 and increased majority in the House have significant implications for the outcome of the immigration debate. This article examines the changing dynamics and the president’s intent to proceed with executive action to shield some of the unauthorized immigrant population from deportation.
Pacific Island Nations, Criminal Deportees, and Reintegration Challenges
Pacific Islanders with criminal convictions have found themselves deported from Australia, New Zealand, or the United States, which have shifted their immigration enforcement priorities in recent years. This article explores the significant barriers to reintegration that criminal deportees in Pacific Island countries face upon their return, including difficulty accessing community networks and jobs.
[Source: Migration Information Source November 13, 2014]
Pushing Out the Boundaries of Humanitarian Screening with In-Country and Offshore Processing
Recent surges in the arrival of unauthorized migrants with possible humanitarian claims have prompted the United States and the European Union to consider in-country and offshore processing for some refugee and asylum applications. As this article explores, some of the questions raised about the feasibility of such programs include their consistency with humanitarian law and their effectiveness in reducing unwanted entries.
Mexican Immigrants in the United States
In 2013, 11.6 million Mexican immigrants resided in the United States, accounting for 28 percent of the total foreign-born population, making Mexicans the largest immigrant group in the country. Using the latest data, this Spotlight examines the Mexican immigrant population by size, location, language ability, workforce participation, and more.
[Source: Migration Information Source October 16, 2014]
Canadian Immigrants in the United States
Between 1960 and 2012 the Canadian share of the U.S. foreign-born population declined from 10 percent to 2 percent, while the actual number of Canadian immigrants has remained remarkably steady. Using the most up-to-date statistics, this Spotlight examines the Canadian immigrant population by size, age, location, college education, and more.
Central American Migrants and “La Bestia”: The Route, Dangers, and Government Responses
Central American migrants have long hopped freight trains known as “La Bestia,” or the beast, to get through Mexico en route to the United States. While Mexico has been accused of turning a blind eye to this traffic, U.S. outcry over the surge of unaccompanied child migrants has drawn new attention to the use of the trains. This article highlights the journey aboard the trains, the dangers faced by migrants, and responses by the Mexican government and others.
[Source: Migration Information Source September 16, 2014]
Vietnamese Immigrants in the United States
The once-tiny population of Vietnamese immigrants in the United States has grown to become the country’s sixth largest foreign-born group in the span of several decades, with the first wave beginning at the end of the Vietnam War in 1975. This data profile examines the Vietnamese immigrant population by size, recency of arrival, top states and cities of settlement, college education, sending of remittances, and much more.
The Stalemate over Unaccompanied Minors Holds Far-Reaching Implications for Broader U.S. Immigration Debates
When Congress returns from recess in September, lawmakers will need to pick up where they left off on approving an emergency spending bill to address unaccompanied migrant children at the border. This article previews upcoming battles in Congress and analyzes how the recent border crisis is changing the broader immigration debate in the United States.
[Source: Migration Information Source August 25, 2014]
Turkey’s Evolving Migration Identity
Turkey’s migration identity has shifted from being principally a country of emigration and transit to becoming a destination for immigrants and people fleeing conflict. In response, Turkish policymakers recently enacted a comprehensive migration and asylum law that took effect in April 2014. This article examines the new law, which is intended as a significant step toward managing both legal and irregular migration to Turkey, including humanitarian migration.
Immigrants from the Dominican Republic in the United States
The Dominican-born population in the United States has grown rapidly since 1960, and today, the United States is home to 960,000 immigrants from the Dominican Republic. This article provides up-to-date demographic information for Dominican immigrants in the United States, including statistics on distribution by state and metro area, educational and professional attainment, income levels, health care coverage, and more.
Temporary Protected Status in the United States: A Grant of Humanitarian Relief that Is Less than Permanent
From a massive typhoon in the Philippines last November to the ongoing civil war in Syria, recent global events demonstrate that natural disasters and political strife occur suddenly and often without warning. This article examines the U.S. Temporary Protected Status (TPS) program that grants humanitarian relief to nationals of certain countries embroiled in violent conflict or recovering from natural disaster.
[Source: Migration Information Source July 28, 2014]
A Forgotten Crisis: Displacement in the Central African Republic
The humanitarian crisis unfolding in the Central African Republic (CAR) has received scant world attention, even as more than 20 percent of the population of 4.25 million has been displaced as a result of deadly sectarian violence. This article examines the causes of the violence, the international community response, and the impacts of large-scale displacement within the country and beyond its borders.
Dramatic Surge in the Arrival of Unaccompanied Children Has Deep Roots and No Simple Solutions
The phenomenon of unaccompanied children arriving at the U.S.-Mexico border, typically after an arduous and often dangerous journey through Central America and Mexico, has reached a crisis proportion, with a 90 percent spike in arrivals from last year and predictions of future increases ahead.
[Source: Migration Information Source June 23, 2014]
Haitian Immigrants in the United States
Between 1990 and 2012, the U.S. population of immigrants born in Haiti tripled in size, from 200,000 to 606,000. This article provides the most up-to-date demographic information available for Haitian immigrants in the United States, including statistics on distribution by state and metro area, educational and professional attainment, income levels, health care coverage, and more.
Marshall Islanders: Migration Patterns and Health-Care Challenges
Approximately one-third of the population of the Republic of the Marshall Islands, a series of islands and atolls in the Pacific, has relocated to the United States, with Hawaii, Guam, and Arkansas key destinations. Lack of economic and employment opportunities are among the leading factors that have prompted this migration. Access to education and health care, which are critically important for a population that has reduced life expectancy and significant negative health indicators, also represent key factors.
[Source: Migration Information Source May 29, 2014]
Frequently Requested Statistics on Immigrants and Immigration in the United States
The U.S. immigrant population—estimated at 40.8 million in 2012—is the nation’s historical numerical high, and it is also the largest foreign-born population in the world. About 20 percent of all international migrants reside in the United States, even as the country accounts for less than 5 percent of global population. This article presents the latest, most sought-after data on immigrants in the United States—by origin, residence, legal status, deportations, languages spoken, and more—in one easy-to-use resource.
Global Civil Society in Qatar and the Gulf Cooperation Council: Emerging Dilemmas and Opportunities
As Qatar races to build its infrastructure for the 2022 World Cup, international civil-society actors increasingly are highlighting the harsh conditions under which temporary labor migrants often work in Qatar and other Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. This article examines the emerging roles, challenges, and opportunities that civil-society groups face in the region; it also analyzes the prevailing legal and political structures where civil society operates in the Gulf.
Hazleton Immigration Ordinance That Began With a Bang Goes Out With a Whimper
In a decision that received little notice, the Supreme Court in mid-March declined to review federal appellate decisions that struck down controversial local immigration ordinances in Hazleton, Pennsylvania, and Farmers Branch, Texas—bringing to a close a contentious chapter in immigration litigation. This article also explores President Obama’s decision to order a review of deportation policies, Chile’s admission into the Visa Waiver Program, and more.
[Source: Migration Information Source April 28, 2014]