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Jan 19 2011

New Publications from IGCC Janaury 2011

Around the globe, issues of war and peace continue to present challenges to the international community. More than ever, world problems require careful thinking, creative research, and practical approaches if they are to be solved. Since 1983, the University of California Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation (IGCC) has engaged in such work, facilitating innovative research into the causes of international conflict and cooperation.

IGCC’s project, The Study of Innovation and Technology in China, has added two more policy briefs to its collection.

  1. The J-20 Fighter Aircraft and the State of China’s Defense Science, Technology, and Innovation Potential - Tai Ming Cheung
  2. The Changing Dynamics Behind China’s Rise as a Military Technological Power - Tai Ming Cheung

Click here to access the publications page.

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Jun 22 2010

IGCC June 2010 Nuclear NEWSWIRE

  1. Secretary Hillary Clinton’s Remarks at the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty Review Conference
  2. On May 3, 2010, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton addressed an audience at the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty review conference at the United Nations in New York, saying, “… do we seek a 21st century of more nuclear weapons or a world without them? These are the questions we must answer and the challenges we must meet. At this conference and beyond, let us come together in partnership to pursue the peace and security that our people deserve.” For a transcript and video of Clinton’s remarks, click here.

    Read the transcript of Clinton’s availability to the press at the conference here.

  3. United States Discloses Size of Nuclear Weapons Stockpile
  4. The Obama administration has formally disclosed the size of the Defense Department’s stockpile of nuclear weapons: 5,113 warheads as of September 30, 2009. The disclosure is a monumental step toward greater nuclear transparency that breaks with outdated Cold War nuclear secrecy and will put significant pressure on other nuclear weapon states to reciprocate. Progress toward deep nuclear cuts and eventual nuclear disarmament would have been very difficult without disclosing the inventory of nuclear weapons.

    See a fact sheet detailing the increasing transparency in the U.S. nuclear weapons stockpile here.

  5. Films on Science: Finland’s 100,000-Year Plan to Banish Its Nuclear Waste
  6. Every day, the world over, large amounts of high-level radioactive waste created by nuclear power plants is placed in interim storage, which is vulnerable to natural disasters, man-made disasters, and to societal changes. In Finland the world’s first permanent repository is being hewn out of solid rock that must last 100,000 years as this is how long the waste remains hazardous. When it is done 10 years from now, it will corkscrew three miles in and 1,600 feet down into crystalline gneiss bedrock that has been the foundation of Finland for 1.8 billion years. The place is called Onkalo (Finnish for “hidden”) and is the subject of a new documentary, “Into Eternity”.

    To view a video clip from “Into Eternity”, click here.

  7. Nuclear Posture Review Calls for Investments in Science and Technology, Infrastructure and Workforce
  8. On April 6, 2010, the Obama Administration released its Nuclear Posture Review Report that will shape U.S. nuclear weapons strategy in the next five to ten years. Described as a roadmap to implement the President’s agenda to reduce nuclear risks, this congressionally-mandated report is the third assessment of its kind – the first two being in 1994 and 2001. Initial congressional reaction to the 72-page report, issued by the Defense Department in consultation with the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Energy, has generally followed party lines.

  9. Reducing and Regulating Tactical Nuclear Weapons in Europe: Moving Forward?
  10. The James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS) published an updated report on the shifting attitudes in Europe and the United States regarding the presence of U.S. nonstrategic, or tactical, nuclear weapons in Europe. This update to a December 2009 report examines the attitudes toward these weapons in the United States, Western and Eastern Europe, and Russia. It also considers the possible impact of the 2010 Nuclear Nonproliferation Review Conference and NATO Strategic Concept on the issue.

  11. Indonesia Takes the Lead on the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty
  12. On May 3, Indonesia gave the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) a much-needed boost when Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa announced that Indonesia would ratify the CTBT in the near future, without waiting for the U.S. to ratify first. For a full report on Indonesia’s announcement and its implications for the CTBT, click here.

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Jun 02 2010

IGCC June 2010 Nuclear NEWSWIRE

Nuclear Newswire is the newest e-publication from UC Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation (IGCC), bringing you the latest in news on nuclear issues.

  1. The 2010 NNSA Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Symposium
  2. The 2010 National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Symposium is an all day event which will explore the LDRD investments that the NNSA Laboratories (Los Alamos, Lawrence Livermore, and Sandia) and the Nevada Test Site are making to reduce the global danger of weapons of mass destruction. It will take place in Washington, DC, on June 9, 2010. The keynote presentations and poster session addressing nuclear counterterrorism, arms control and treaty monitoring, and countering biological and chemical threats will include Steven Koonin, Under Secretary for Science, U.S. Department of Energy, Tara O’Toole, Under Secretary for Science and Technology, U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Ellen Tauscher, Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, U.S. Department of State and Dr. John Phillips, Chief Scientist, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.

    To download the symposium registration form click here.

    To download the agenda, click here.

  3. The New START Treaty and Protocol Signed
  4. On April 8, 2010, President Obama and President Medvedev of Russia signed the New START treaty and its protocol. Under the Treaty, the U.S. and Russia will be limited to significantly fewer strategic arms within seven years from the date the Treaty enters into force. Each Party has the flexibility to determine for itself the structure of its strategic forces within the aggregate limits of the Treaty. These limits are based on a rigorous analysis conducted by Department of Defense planners in support of the 2010 Nuclear Posture Review.

    Read the New START treaty here.

    Read the treaty protocol here.

  5. 2010 Nuclear Security Summit Held in Washington, D.C.
  6. The Nuclear Security Summit, which took place on April 12–13, 2010, brought together the leaders of 47 nations to advance a common approach and commitment to nuclear security at the highest levels. Leaders in attendance renewed their commitment to ensure that nuclear materials under their control are not stolen or diverted for use by terrorists, and pledged to continue to evaluate the threat and improve the security as changing conditions may require, and to exchange best practices and practical solutions for doing so. It promoted the international treaties that address nuclear security and nuclear terrorism and led to specific national actions that advanced global security.

    For a link to various documents related to the Summit, click here.

    To see a list of NSS participants and what they want in Foreign Policy, click here.

    To see commitments made at the NSS by country, click here.

  7. Is a World Without Nuclear Weapons Really Possible?
  8. In a recent article in The Chronicle, Michael O’Hanlon, director of research and a senior fellow in foreign-policy studies at the Brookings Institution, asks the question, “Can mankind uninvent the nuclear bomb, and rid the world of the greatest military threat to the human species and the survival of the planet ever created?” He concludes that “not only is permanent, irreversible abolition unwise, it is also probably impossible”, but contends that “a nuclear-disarmament treaty worth the trouble.”

  9. The Stanley Foundation and the Henry L. Stimson Center Launch 1540 Hub
  10. The 1540 Hub is an online clearinghouse for resources related to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540. Included on the site are resources, news highlights, a calendar of events, and a multimedia gallery. In April 2004, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 1540, which mandates that all member states implement a set of supply-side controls on equipment and materials relevant to nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons and criminalize proliferation activities within their territories. The resolution also includes a provision that encourages states with the capacity to lend assistance in support of 1540’s mandate to do so and, in turn, encourages states in need to request any help they may need to meet 1540’s demands.

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Jun 01 2010

New publications are available at the Scout Report!

  1. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Publications
  2. Each year, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) makes all of their published research reports, case studies, and guidebooks publicly available on this website. The documents are arranged thematically, and they include everything from “Affordable Housing” to “Zoning”. Given the recent interest in building “green”, many visitors will want to click on over to the “Housing Production and Technology” area. On the right hand side of the page, visitors will find the “Popular Picks” list. Some of the publications are intended for an audience with a more technical background, but many of the works deal quite broadly with urban policy matters. The site is rounded out by a direct link to “New Publications” area near the bottom of the homepage and social media functionality.

  3. Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation [pdf] (Last reviewed in the Scout Report on February 24, 1995)
  4. Since 1983, the University of California Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation (IGCC) has worked on research which looks “into the causes of international conflict and cooperation.” The Institute draws on scholars from around the University of California system, and they also have a number of visiting scholars from different parts of the world. On their homepage, visitors will notice four primary sections, including “Research”, “Regions”, and “Publications”. In the “Research” area, visitors can learn about their three primary thematic projects, and also learn about the researchers working on each area. In the “Publications” area, visitors can peruse a list of recent publications, which include books, reports, and journal articles. The easiest way to access some of these publications is via the subsections within the “Publications” area. Visitors should also look at their calendar and consider signing up for the IGCC e-newsletter via the homepage. A dip into the homepage updates is a good idea as well, and in the past it has contained reviews of books by IGCC scholars and reports like “Political Attitudes Under Repression: Evidence from North Korean Refugees”.

  5. Framing Conflict: Iraq and Afghanistan
  6. Two Australian artists recently continued the tradition of official Australian war art that began in World War I by traveling for six weeks throughout the Middle East to record the lives of Australian troops in wartime. The paintings, composed using photographs, create a vivid picture of the experience of war. On the homepage visitors will find a slideshow of 19 of the paintings and photographs by the artists. Additional paintings, photographs, plus some of the equipment used by the artists, can be found by clicking on the appropriate links below the second paragraph on the homepage. Under the “Further Information” heading is a “Video Interview With Lyndell Brown and Charles Green (YouTube)”.

[Source: The Scout Report, Volume 16, Number 21, May 28, 2010]

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